Organic fertilizer is a fertilizer that exists as a result of the decomposition of bacteria in animal excreta, there are many types of organic fertilizer such as green manure, municipal manure, sable manure, poultry manure, poultry fattening manure, laying chicken manure, industrial manure, manure, biogas fertilizer and garbage compost, there are many benefits of organic fertilizer, which makes farmers And agricultural enthusiasts to resort to it, it is one of the most important agricultural requirements that cannot be dispensed with growing plants.
What is organic compost
Organic fertilizer is divided into two parts, organic fertilizer and manufactured organic fertilizer, organic fertilizer is the fertilizer that is produced without resorting to human intervention and no industrial additives are added to it, and the manufactured organic fertilizer is present in types of organic fertilizers with multiple methods of production, fertilizer is the source on which farmers and hobbyists depend In supplying plants and agricultural lands with fertilizers and nourishing the elements they need.
Organic fertilizers are cheap food sources compared to other mineral fertilizers that pollute the environment, water and soil. These fertilizers make plants healthier and harmless. Organic fertilizers are a double-edged sword, as in addition to it works to nourish the soil and plants, it works to improve and regulate the texture of the soil and make it more vital Instead of soil that uses chemicals.
What is the benefit to the soil from organic fertilizers?
The organic fertilizer takes a gradual form upon absorption and is not absorbed once, but the bacteria divide the compost and break it down to become absorbable gradually, unlike the fertilizer made from chemicals, it is dissolved in water at a high speed and therefore these plants have overabsorption and thus these plants are destroyed and burned.
The organic fertilizer provides the soil with all the nutrients and harmless bacteria that it needs to improve its texture, in addition to that, these plants work to preserve soil moisture.
Fertilizers work to strengthen the plants so that they are able to resist diseases and can move between different growth stages, as some plants are weak, sick and die when they lack some elements, so the fertilizer works to provide the plants with the elements that strengthen them.
The costs of producing organic fertilizers are low and do not pollute the environment, and people need them a lot to grow legumes, so it has great merit in providing proteins to humans, and it also works on saving energy.
Organic agricultural fertilizers play an effective role in increasing the quantities of healthy crops free of damage, as these fertilizers are devoid of any chemicals.
Organic compost has more than one simple way that you can prepare it, and there are many types of organic fertilizers.
Kinds of organic fertilizers
Among farmers and those who love to grow at home and owners of nurseries, there are many names for organic fertilizers
Some of them are called peat moss, including compost, including municipal fertilizer and many others, and its importance in the cultivation process is increasing, and we will now address each type of them, in addition to the method of using it in the following:
Peat moss is a type of organic fertilizer created in organic soil as a result of the decomposition of the so-called sphagnum moss. This moss is found in the swamps that are located in Europe from the north. Peat moss is a type of compost that does not contain a large amount of nutrients. Plants grow through them only, however, the advantages of peat moss when mixed with some other types of fertilizers are as follows:
Peat moss fertilizer is one of its most important advantages that it is light in terms of weight and therefore provides good ventilation for the soil, peat moss can save a large amount of water inside it as peat moss is spongy, so you must keep peat moss from not drying out because it absorbs water with difficulty if it dries Strong as it does not carry any bacteria or any parasites or diseases in general, peat moss contains acidic elements that the soil and houseplants like in particular, after putting peat moss into the soil works to ventilate that plant, which preserves the cohesion of these particles, as it is an excellent preparation for healthy agricultural soil, Peat moss is called by other names and it is peat or soil.
Compost is a type of organic fertilizer of plant origin as well as animal origin as well as household waste, as this fertilizer is produced from leftover vegetables with leaves, egg peels, tangerine and orange peel in addition to banana and potato peel, this peel is cut into small parts and accumulated on some Then we add cow, rabbit and goat waste to it. This mixture is left in addition to some water for about three weeks in some special circumstances, and after this period, compost fertilizer is produced.
Compost has the same qualities and advantages as peat moss, except that compost is faulty for having an unpleasant odor and contaminated when it comes into contact with animal origin, but it is distinguished from peat moss because it has many nutrients, and it must be noted that the amount of nutrients that it consists of is the first reason that controls the amount of elements The nutrients present in a plant, the smaller the proportion of animal origin in the compost and the greater the plant origin, the cleaner and more expensive the plant.
Municipal manure is one of the most popular types of organic fertilizer. This fertilizer is of animal origin that is produced from the remains of cows, sheep, birds, rabbits and other animals. Municipal manure is often unregulated in terms of its containment of nutrients, in addition to this type of compost has an unpleasant odor, in Sometimes the compost is not completely decomposed, and this compost contains a large amount of pollutants such as bad weeds, microbes and small parasites such as worms and insects, this fertilizer is most likely impure and is only used in its original state in two ways.
The compost is first sterilized through slow fermentation or by making it exposed to the heat of the sun that can kill parasites, or by digging a special hole and then placing it in it and fermenting for a large period and placing an amount of water on it until it is collected it is covered using a plastic cover through which it penetrates The sun rays with something that traps heat inside and gases, and in this situation the bacteria can turn it into compost, where this mixture is left for a whole year and then it comes out and is exposed to the air in order to get rid of the bad smell, so that the compost becomes ready for use for agricultural lands and houseplants. .
One of the types of organic fertilizer is green manure, which is a fertilizer in the origin of a plant, which is cultivated in agricultural land and is plowed at a later time, in order to modify the quality of soil productivity, this process works to fix nitrogen inside the soil and then this soil can extend its roots, this fertilizer is able Provided that it eliminates the unpleasant plants, these plants that are used as fertilizer are legumes that are grown in the winter, such as lupine and alfalfa, and other crops such as wheat and barley, and summer crops such as cowpea, peanuts, mustard, millet, beans and alfalfa.
There are many types of organic fertilizers, and there are many advantages and benefits that accrue to plants as a result of their use in their fertilization. There are other types of fertilizers that can be resorted to if necessary, such as industrial fertilizers and natural fertilizers.