Growing red radish is one of the easiest crops and it is suitable for beginners in the cultivation process, and through this article we will learn about how to grow red radish and its beneficial benefits for human health, about the time of harvest, how to produce radish seeds and when to fertilize it.
Cultivation of red radish
First and foremost, the foundry must be prepared, which must be taken into account that it is composted with animal dung, and it is prepared and fertilized at least six weeks before the start of the planting process, and 100 grams of industrial fertilizer is sprayed, which is N: P: K 5: 5: 5 to supply The plant has basic elements necessary to help it grow properly, and it must be ensured that a soil analysis was done first in order to identify the properties of the soil before planting the red radish, and through this the soil defects are identified and treated before the planting process and it is preferable to stop planting radish seeds in case of weather. Warm and postponing planting until the weather is moderate.
The radish seeds are planted in the soil to be 1 cm deep, and they must be distributed in an orderly manner. The planting is not stacked in one place, and the planting seeds are mixed with sand or dirt until they are distributed properly, so as not to lead to the emergence and growth of small weeds.
Radish needs watering on a daily basis, especially if the weather is hot and dry, for radish loves moderate heat and is not preferred to be planted in sunny places, and it must be known that red radish cultivation is a fast-growing plant that grows within a maximum period of 6 weeks and there are other types of radish that grow before the passage of 3 For weeks, a single process must be done for the accumulated seedlings so that the root can grow well, and if there are 3 caskets gathered together, one of them is immediately uprooted, so as not to lead to plant spoilage and death, because overcrowding leads to a conflict over the nutrition in the soil, which leads to To the lack of nutrition for some plants and the roots are not sufficiently nourished, and the soil must always be moistened so that the plant grows in an orderly manner so that it does not become hot and woody, and leads to cracking of the radish and the weakness of the plant.
It is rare for the plant to be infected with diseases after planting red radish, because the plant growth period is short and its growth is fast, but it can be infected with root rot, as a result of fungi present inside the soil that rots the roots and turns them into black and then dies, and attention must be paid to drainage of the soil and prepare the casting and make sure of its validity Before the planting process, crops must not be repeated with the same land for consecutive years.
And when the radish is sold after a harvester, it can be sold without any changes to it, but the leaves must be kept at zero temperature and the humidity should be 90%, and sometimes it is pickled.
Red radish cultivation has many benefits for human health, and many people grow it indoors because of its ease of cultivation and because it improves the bones, because radish seeds contain minerals and calcium that will fight osteoporosis, and they also work to combat cancer, especially cancer of both intestine. The colon, mouth, kidneys and stomach, as well as it has a strong effect on the treatment of kidney stones, it is characterized by being a diuretic, and it works to remove toxins from the body and waste products in the liver, and works to improve the digestion process, and works to increase the oxygen in the body, and radish seeds are an excellent fighter on the appearance Signs of wrinkles and works to solve various skin problems, as it works to help the body to lose weight, and works as a fever reducer and a good treatment for hemorrhoids.
Radish seed production
Cultivation of red radish If you want to produce radish seeds, you can do so by following several simple steps that were set by the Central Administration for Agricultural Extension, as follows: –
Radish seeds are produced after the radish is planted in the winter season, and that is during the month of September and October, the plant is uprooted and trimmed, and the roots are planted again the good ones. 10 to 20 cm between each plant.
When the plant blooms, during February and March, the land is pollinated and fertilized, and the seeds are formed by pods, and then they ripen in May, and then they are collected and left to dry, and the seeds are extracted from them and packaged.
Radish seed production
Red radish cultivation phase fertilization during the germination process
You will not need any fertilizing the radish and feeding the radish if your land is fertilized, but in the event that the soil is not properly fertilized, the radish should be fed by applying potassium fertilizer to the first 2 to 3 of the leaves, and the instructions on the package packaging must be read and followed.
After completing the growth process of growing red radish, the type of fertilizer that will be used for fertilizing the radish is then determined based on the condition of the radish, and the following instructions must be followed: –
If significant leaf growth is observed with no root growth, then you should apply phosphorous fertilizer or potassium fertilizer, and heat the radish by placing 1 cup ash plus 20 gm potassium sulfate with 40 gm phosphate for every 10 liters of warm water.
But if the leaves are pale in color, they are definitely lacking in nitrogen, so you can put a teaspoon of urea and dissolve it in 10 liters of water and water the plant with it until the leaves and roots grow.
If it is noticed that the plant has cruciferous fleas, then put 500 g of ash with the addition of 60 g of intoxicating soap on 10 liters of water and spray the plant.
Harvesting red radish
In order for the red radish to be harvested, we start first, after 3 weeks of planting the red radish, it will be ready to be harvested as the cultivation of the red radish is considered one of the varieties that are quickly harvested, and its length should be 2.5 cm until it is harvested, and the package for the grains must be reviewed to ensure knowledge Its ripening time.
The radish is not left inside the ground after its ripening for long periods, the red radish should be harvested as soon as possible, and it is extracted by hands.
And to store it, after it is plucked from the ground, the top of the radish is cut and the root is cut through the use of scissors and it must be facing down.
Wash it well with water, and then dry it.
Then put the red radish in plastic bags and keep them in the refrigerator for two weeks.
In the end, we can say that the cultivation of red radish has many benefits, as we learned how to produce and harvest seeds and the most important instructions that must be observed during the fertilization process, and on the method of planting radish, you must follow the necessary instructions and specific planting times, and if you want to plant radish, do not hesitate.