- 1 Sugar cane cultivation method
- 2 The method of growing sugar cane is as follows:
- 3 Cultivation of sugar cane in Egypt
- 4 Sugar cane cultivation in Sudan
- 5 Sugar cane cultivation in India
- 6 Fertilize sugar cane
- 7 Sugar cane fertilizers
- 8 Sugar cane seedlings
- 9 Sugarcane productivity per acre
- 10 Sugar cane seeds
Sugar cane cultivation method
Who among us does not know or hear about the cultivation of sugar cane, I do not think that anyone knows it or did not taste it once in his life, and there are many special types thanks to sugar and each type varies according to the conditions of its different cultivation in places, in addition to forgetting to say that sugar cane is the source The main basis for sugar, as many factories use it to extract sugar from it and use it in many things, so know the method of planting sugar cane, sugarcane seedlings, sugar cane fertilizers, sugar cane yield per acre, and planting sugar cane in Egypt and sugar cane seeds, and planting sugar cane in India And land sugar cane, and this is what we will know throughout the article.
The method of growing sugar cane is as follows:
Choose the right cane plant. Sugarcane is easy to find during harvest, late summer and early fall.
If you cannot find cane in a nearby garden center, you can find cane at a farmers’ market, and Asian stores often sell cane.
Find a long, thick stalk that can produce healthy new plants.
The stem contains a knot and each button has a new button.
Divide the sugar cane market into 30 cm long pieces.
Leave 3-4 ties per piece, so that some buds grow on each piece.
Remove leaves or flowers (if any) from the stem.
Digging grooves on a sunny agricultural site.
The sugarcane market grows horizontally in a crevice 10 cm deep and requires direct sunlight, so choose an area without shade, dig a slit long enough to accommodate each piece of sugarcane and divide the slit into 30 cm.
And from the method of growing sugar cane, he used other things from axes to reduce cracking.
Wait for the reeds to grow.Some parts of the stems will start growing from spring – usually in April or May – and you will see them cross the ground to form individual stems, which will get taller in late summer.
Cultivation of sugar cane in Egypt
Growing sugar cane in Egypt, some conditions must be met:
Applicable terrain: reed is one of the tense forage crops for agricultural lands, because it is a long crop that lives on the ground and produces a large number of branches and leaves, which makes it absorb a lot of nutrients from the soil,
There should be constant watering and proper feeding.
Among the conditions for growing sugar cane in Egypt at least is that it should come from first or second class lands to provide good harvest crops to compensate for the high agricultural costs.
The year-round water supply should be easy to irrigate.
It should be noted that in the summer, the lands at the end of the canal are regularly irrigated.
There should be a good drainage system to remove excess water and its salt, and provide aeration of the root system to accelerate the growth of the root system and enhance its ability to absorb the nutrients needed for plant growth.
Sugar cane cultivation in Sudan
The cultivation of sugar cane in Sudan is large, as it is the third largest producer of sugar in Africa after South Africa and Egypt. Sudan produces about one million tons of sugar every year and exports about 200 thousand tons every year. But since Sudan’s annual consumption is 1.6 tons, the country suffers from sugar deficiency. Overall, the potential for sugar production is huge. Previously, sugarcane was exported in 2009. Sugarcane crops grow between 22 and 22 latitude north, and sometimes between 33 and 33 south latitude. Sugarcane grows throughout the year (12 months) and thus produces a higher amount of sugar than beet sugar, making it the main sugar crop in tropical regions, so the cultivation of sugar cane in Sudan is great.
Sugar cane cultivation in India
The cultivation of sugar cane in India was BC, then it moved to China (760 BC), then Persia (325 BC), then it reached the Arabian Peninsula and the Mediterranean Sea in the sixth century, and reached Egypt, Marrakech, Spain and Sicily The season of sugar is grown in India because it is a tropical plant that grows well in very hot regions, in the summer season. Of the crops are very dry, it needs sunny places, so the cultivation of sugar cane in India is suitable, without frost and without hurricanes in terms of temperatures, precipitation and precipitation, Therefore, most sugar cane farms are distributed in areas located between 40 degrees north latitude and 32 degrees south latitude, with the exception of areas between north and 10 degrees north latitude and 10 degrees south latitude
Fertilize sugar cane
Fertilizing sugarcane is the addition of micro-nutrients, which are elements that plants need in large quantities, and any excess will not have obvious harmful effects on sugarcane cultivation, but the excess additives will cause harm, and the different nutrients in the soil solution will affect each other, so when adding the elements Nutritional needs should not be too much, so as not to destroy the balance between the elements, and to prevent the ability of plants to absorb these elements, the most important elements are nitrogen (nitrogen), phosphorus and potassium, and when talking about fertilizing sugar cane and about the proportion of fertilizers from the elements needed by the cane plant Sugar To produce one ton of sugarcane, cane sugar emits 0.56-1.2 kg of cane sugar, and nitrogen emission is 0.38 -0.82 kg fou 2 a5 (phosphate) 1.0-2.5 kg for 2 According to the above, it is necessary to absorb and produce 50 tons of cane Sugar: 28-60 kg of nitrogen, 50 tons of cane sugar absorb 20-42 kg of ph2a5 (phosphate).
Sugar cane fertilizers
Sugarcane fertilizer on the crop not only saves farmers’ production costs of cane ranging from 700 pounds to 1000 pounds to 500 pounds, but also improves the quality and quantity of crops.
And due to the lack of silt in the soil, such as iron, potassium, manganese and others, the substances that have already lost it saturate the soil with it through the amount of allocations.
Therefore, the cost of the sugarcane cultivation plan for the whole season ranges between 500 and 600 pounds per year per acre, which saves farmers half of the costs of agriculture, and the fertilizer that he needs per acre is to buy 8 bags of fertilizer instead of 1, and the cost is up, which saves the farmer from 1000 to 500 pounds through agriculture. Per acre of land.
He added that the sugar cane fertilizers increase the size and length of the cane, which increases its weight and produces more sugar.
Sugar cane seedlings
Sugar cane seedlings, as the idea of growing sugar cane seedlings is based on the same model of tomato cultivation, and plants are sold through “ trays ” indicating that the process used in the cane currently used in agriculture will disappear after four years, and the Minister refuses to disclose detailed information about The cost of seedlings, and the Ministry of Agriculture said the site for a period of four years before the Minister of Agriculture paid an official visit to him, which indicates that the idea is under implementation in the governor relies on sugar cane seedlings in each region and the provision of production requirements where one acre requires 60,000 plants.
Sugarcane productivity per acre
Farmers said and confirmed that sugarcane productivity per acre has decreased this season, 5 tons per acre, as the average level decreased from 40 tons per acre to 35 tons, and the price was EGP 720 per ton initially.
The agricultural cost of Fidan is about 800 pounds, through irrigation, fertilizers, pesticides and manual distribution. Fidan needs 46 workers to work for 12 months, with a daily wage of between 70 and 80 pounds for 3 hours a day, and one of the reasons for the low productivity of sugar cane is Its genetic characteristics are also reduced, not least because the variety currently approved for sugarcane cultivation has been the same since the 1960s without any changes, making it the same as it is vulnerable to pests. It is also vulnerable to climate change attacks.
Sugar cane seeds
As a result of hybridization of the genetic origin, under natural conditions, the production of seeds of sugar palace begins. Under natural conditions, the female mother is selected and then pollinated with pollen from different varieties or from open pollinated varieties.
This method is called multiple hybridization, and this method is done in sugarcane cultivation, and that is when one wants to transfer a certain trait available in a variety to another variant that has good qualities in addition to the trait, double hybridization is usually used. Important pest and disease resistant crops were selected at the same time and sugarcane seeds were produced
In the end, after we learned during this article the method of growing sugar cane, sugarcane seedlings, sugar cane fertilizers, sugar cane yield per acre, planting sugar cane in Egypt and sugar cane seeds, planting sugar cane in India and sugarcane land as it is one of the plants that are made Cultivation of it under certain conditions does not suit all regions, where the places of sugar cane cultivation are in specific regions, and the method of cultivating sugar cane in Saudi Arabia is not as difficult as imagined, but the difficulty lies in the terms of the loan that it needs